The Ultimate Monstera guide

The Monstera or also called hole plant (Swiss Cheese plant in English) is super popular, but there are a lot of Monstera varieties and almost all webshops and plant stores have the name wrong. This is your Monstera guide if you have a Monstera and you want to know what type you have or if you want to buy a Monstera well prepared.

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Monstera Deliciosa

The Monstera Deliciosa is the species of the genus Monstera that most people know. There is some confusion about the correct name because there are a few plants that look a bit like the Monstera Deliciosa. The first name that is often used incorrectly for the Monstera Deliciosa is Monstera Pertusum. This wrong name came into use when Linnaeus, the second botanist who described the Monstera, named him Dracontium Pertusum. It was soon discovered that Dracontium was the wrong family, but Pertusum (which means ‘holes’ in Latin) was continued in the species.

Monstera deliciosa

Where is the fenestration (holes)?

The young Monstera Deliciosa that most people have is shown on the left. Young Monstera Deliciosas often have no holes or only a single row of holes. The older and healthier the plant, the larger the leaves are and the more holes they get. If you have the Monstera on the left and you take good care of it, you will get leaves with holes within the year. If you have the Monstera that already have holes you can expect the first leaves with several rows of holes within one to two years.

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Monstera Deliciosa variegata

In the plant world you have genera (Monstera), species (Monstera Deliciosa) and varieties of species. The very rare and super popular Monstera Deliciosa Variegata is therefore not a new type of the Monstera genus but is a colored variant of the Monstera Deliciosa. Variegata simply means multi-colored in Latin. Variegata is a strange mutation that ensures that certain (parts of) leaves do not remain leaf green. The result is other colors than the normal green color. It is a mutation that is usually difficult to breed and often disappears on its own. This is what makes the variegation so special. You have three variations of the Monstera Deliciosa Variegata.

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Fenestration fanatic?

The Monstera Adansonii are one of the many Monstera varieties available everywhere in plant stores. It has more holes (50% of the leaves are holes) but has smaller leaves (up to 60 cm). The Monstera Adansonii has an official second name: Monstera Friedrichtsthallii. This is because the botanist who discovered the species did not recognize it the second time he saw him and therefore gave him a new name. 

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